Montpellier is a French commune located in the department of Hérault and the region Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrenees. Montpellier is located on a main communication route joining Spain in the west to Italy in the east.
Near the Mediterranean sea, this city is close to the neighboring Béziers at 69 km southwest, and Nimes at 52km northeast. Its inhabitants are called Montpelliers and their nickname is Clapassièrs.
Montpellier is the eighth town in France by population and the third French city of the Mediterranean axis (behind Marseille and Nice). It is one of the few cities with over 100,000 inhabitants whose population has increased continuously since 1945. It has almost tripled over the period to reach 272,084 inhabitants at 1st January 2013, which makes the town the most populous of the department of Herault and the second most populous in the region Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrenees after Toulouse.
The urban unit account of Montpellier includes 414,047 inhabitants, while the city is recorded as having 434,101 inhabitants in 2012 and the urban area 579,401 inhabitants respectively in 2013, the equivalent of being 14th largest in France by its population.
Since the 1990s, Montpellier has one of the strongest economic and demographic growth rates of the entire country: its quality of life, cultural life and finally its Mediterranean climate largely explain this craze for “The gifted”; a title of campaign advertising during the tenure of Mayor Georges Freche.
With 70,000 students it is also the city with the most students per capita after Poitiers (21% of the total population). The city also has the largest school in the academy, former grand imperial high school, the current Joffre high school located in the former citadel of Montpellier, a traditional stronghold of the 17th century.